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From the floor to the seat, how did the Tang and Song Dynasties develop the "seat culture"?

2021-09-25 管理员 Read 2907

Furniture is one of the essential items for every family, and furniture includes tables, chairs, cabinets, sofas, beds and so on. Today's tables and cabinets are ever-changing, and there are also odd-shaped ones, let alone chairs. Speaking of chairs, in fact, people in ancient times had the habit of sitting on the ground, so chairs were not so common there, and there was no concept of sitting down. It didn't develop until the Tang Dynasty and Song Dynasty. The appearance of the chair has a special change and status to our country's history and culture.

Many people may find it strange. Did the ancients just sit on the ground? In fact, the ancients were influenced by traditional thinking. Apart from sitting on the floor, this habit lasted for thousands of years, even in the Spring and Autumn Period and the Qin and Han Dynasties. Therefore, there is no concept of chairs at all. They usually sit on their knees or sit cross-legged. On sitting meditation. So when was the chair accepted by the people? In our hearts, a chair should be a seat with a backrest. This seat was not called a chair at first, but a Hu bed. Hu Chuang first appeared in the Han Dynasty. Its appearance had a lot of influence on traditional customs. As people got comfortable changes in sitting posture, the people gradually accepted it with pleasure.

With the entry of various northwestern minorities into the Central Plains, the culture has also shown the influence of diversity and openness, which has made the concepts of various ethnic groups merged, and gradually produced high-profile and Central-Plain furniture fusion seats, so that some areas have appeared high-profile. Furniture, and even a variety of new-style seating. By the time of the Sui and Tang dynasties, these seats were already essential items for wealthy and powerful people. However, in the Sui Dynasty, Sui Gaozu was very afraid of the word Hu. As long as the utensils related to the word Hu were to be changed, the Hu bed was changed to a sale bed.

By the time of the Tang Dynasty, due to large-scale changes in sitting equipment, most of the people's sitting posture gradually changed to sitting with their feet down. Hu beds have been developed one step further, so they began to have backrests. After that, it became known as a chair, but at that time, the chair was still not separated from the concept of a bed. It was normal to still call the chair a bed. Slowly, the design of the chair and the sculptured patterns have increased, making the whole chair look particularly solemn.

In the Song Dynasty, the form of tall chairs gradually increased. Not only that, all kinds of chairs must also be used according to the family’s superiority and inferiority at the same time. The contemporary era already has a very important position. In fact, the rapid development of the chair in the Song Dynasty is not accidental. Due to the combination of the top chair and the Hu bed, the feature of easy folding and the Confucian and Taoist cultures are integrated. The experience of letting the chair go from simple to beautiful, coupled with the process of combining practicality and appreciation, the intricate carvings, the magnificent style, and the precious selection of materials, the furniture finally reached its peak in the Ming and Qing Dynasties.

Many nobles who used this type of chair in the Qing Dynasty symbolized majesty and power. On the contrary, the chair used by ordinary people would be simpler. After that, people's furniture has become more due to the appearance of chairs, and the space for sitting without sitting on the floor is naturally much larger. In order to match the chairs, tall furniture came into being. At the same time, it also caused a series of developments such as dishes and tea sets. Later, from the Republic of China period to the present, influenced by Western culture, the types and shapes of chairs became more colorful, and soft sofas gradually appeared.

From kneeling, sitting cross-legged, etc., sitting on the ground to sitting with feet down, from sitting meditation to a bed, stools, horses, and other characteristics have been combined into chairs. The changes in this way are not only ideological, but also in customs. Chairs also have a certain status in the etiquette culture of our country. In addition, they also have a certain influential status in the symbol of power, and finally have a chain development effect. These are the splendid art and cultural history of my Greater China.